CLIMATE OF JAMMU KASHMIR
The climate of Jammu and Kashmir is to a large extent influenced by the mountains it is surrounded by. The temperature is greatly moderated by these mountains and the water bodies. As the altitude varies in Jammu Kashmir, all the three divisions experience a different environment. While Kashmir has a moderate climate, Ladakh is a cold desert with extreme temperatures and Jammu is a sub-tropical region with abundant sunshine and hot temperature.
is a sub-tropical region. The climate varies in different parts of the division. The southern plains experience a climate similar to Punjab. The summers are hot with rainy seasons. Winters are cool. The mountains regions experience weather similar to that of Kashmir. These regions receive snowfall. While as, the plains receive light to heavy rainfall. Seasonal winds originating from the Mediterranean Sea also influence the weather of division. The temperature dips during the rainy season, however the humidity remains high. Jammu is the hottest of the three divisions in Kashmir. The average temperature during peak summer may go up to 38°C.
is the coldest place of Jammu and Kashmir. The climate is very dry and climate. The place has a long and severe winter with the temperature going down to more than 40 degree below zero. River Zanskar, with its fast and furious waters and huge waterfalls freezes completely and huge ice sheets hang much to the astonishments of the beholders. Drass in Ladakh is the coldest place. Due to heavy snowfall, Ladakh remains cut off for the major part of the year. The night temperature usually remains below zero from September to May. The temperature in summers however soars to 45 degrees making it extremely hot. The mountains are bare and barren. The snow on them gives shapes into many rivers and lakes through the tarns, when the sun begins to shine.
has probably the best climate of the state. Its climate is largely regulated by the Himalayas, surrounding mountains and the water bodies. It has four clearly demarcated seasons with distinct features. Each season is moderate and beautiful. The temperature in winters may go down to -15°C in the hilly areas, while as the plains have a comparatively better temperature at -5 to -8°C. The local people wear woollen cloths and a long gown known as Pheran to save them from the chill. They also use a portable fire pot, Kangri to keep warm. The month of July is the hottest month with the temperature going up to just above 30°C in the plains, while the upper reaches remain comparatively cooler, from the heat in the plains, Chinar trees come to the rescue. These huge giant-size trees give a wonderful cool shade in the hottest of summer, so much that you occasionally get chills under them. Autumn and spring have warm days and cool nights. The valley receives rains during the spring season.